Analysis of Story Elements: Setting and Characterization

In a story, the development of setting and characterization is crucial in plotting the course and the events that unfold through the story. They create or instill the feelings that develop in the audience or readers. The setting is the place and time of a scene’s occurrence. Other key roles that setting plays apart from setting the mood are influencing the way characters behave, affect the nature of the dialogue, evoke an emotional response, foreshadow events and reflect the society depicted. The setting portrays the framework of what the story entails and can be effectively utilized to present a fictional story.

To attain a perfect depiction of what is being discussed in the story, a good combination of both setting and characterization is imperative. In the story of the Trojan War, the theme of war, cruelty, death, betrayal, and sorrow is portrayed by various utilization of setting and characterization on different scenes. At dawn just when the Greek ships are docking the Trojan shorelines, the tide is high and the waves are violently shattering the cliff. Achilles’ character of bravery, pride and arrogance are depicted when his ship passes through other ships in a manner that insinuates that he is ready to subdue the Trojan all by himself. He delivers a hopeful and bloodthirsty speech to his soldiers (Thompson, 2013). He fights for his own and has no allegiance to the Greek kings. To the audience, the setting of the scene and characterization invoke the feeling of violence and blood-spill.

The Trojan prince and war hero, Hector, is the opposite of Achilles in the development of his character. Though they share the same war prowess, he is more allegiant to his king and fights for his nation. The setting of his last fight with Achilles has story elements that put the audience at the edges of their seats. The dialog is intense and full of wisdom about life, war, and death. He explains his mistake when he killed Achilles’ cousin, which is received by Achilles with cruelty. It occurs a few hours to mid-day. Achilles explains how he will be roaming the underworld at night with the dead. Everyone is watching the fight to the end when Achilles takes Hector’s life. The cruel character of Achilles is portrayed by how he treats Hector’s body – he ties the body to his chariot and drags it around the city of Troy (Thompson, 2013). Hector’s humility and allegiance is once portrayed in the scene, the lovely setting with a battlefield of the only the two heroes instills sadness. The whole story elements in this scene invoke the feeling of pity, sadness, and sympathy. The scene drives the audience to an extreme emotive state.


Thompson, D. P. (2013). The Trojan War: Literature and Legends from the Bronze Age to the Present. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers

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