Essay on Different Kinds of Multicultural Poets

The unit covered in focused on six different kinds of multicultural poets: African-American, Palestinian, Native-American, Chinese, Turkish, and Pakistani poets. Poetry is a form of literature that uses aesthetic and rhythmic language to bring teachings or an intended message from one individual to another (Strachan and Richard 8). Globally recognized poets use different poetic devices to evoke emotive responses among readers. The common stylistic devices used include assonance, rhyme, alliteration, similes and onomatopoeia among others (Lug7). In respect to this, this assignment will analyze two poems: “Mixed Reflection” written by Gary Armstrong who is a Native-American poet and “I Shall Return” written by Claude McKay who is an African-American poet.
To start with, in the poem “I Shall Return” by Claude McKay, one evident technique used is alliteration. It involves the repetition of same kinds of sounds at the beginning of words found in a phrase (Minkova 22). This is evident in a number of phrases in the poem:

To laugh and love and watch with wonder-eyes
Wafting their blue-black smoke to sapphire skies
That bathe the brown blades of the bending grasses
The poem also has rhyming words at the end of the lines. For example:
I shall return again; I shall return
To laugh and love and watch with wonder-eyes
At golden noon the forest fires burn,
Wafting their blue-black smoke to sapphire skies (MacKay and William 321)

Conversely, in the poem “Mixed Reflection” by Gary Armstrong, the evident technique used is repetition. A number of words such as ‘reflection’ and ‘for’ have also been repeated to bring out the intended emphasis.

When I notice reflection,
There is a mist in reflection,
For I cannot enter this reflection
For out, this coldness prevails,

It is worth noting that there are a number of similarities and differences between the two poems. To begin with, the two poems are similar in that they both use repetition as a technique (Fischer 207). In the poem “Mixed Reflection” the word ‘reflection’ is repeated severally. On the other hand, in the poem “I Shall Return”, the words ‘I Shall Return’ are repeated severally. Additionally, in both poems, the persona is the first person. This is indicated by the use of the pronoun ‘I’ in both poems. The difference between the two poems is that, in “Mixed Reflection”, the lines are short and precise while in “I Shall Return” the lines making up the stanza are long (Harrison 28). The other differences are that the poem “Mixed Reflection” brings out the themes of sadness and resignation as indicated by the lines “All I see are hollow eyes” and “For my soul cannot enter” while the poem “I Shall Return” brings out the theme of joy as indicated by the line “To laugh and love and watch with wonder-eyes”.

Works Cited
Fischer, Andreas. Repetition. Tübingen: Narr, 1994, pp 207. Print.
Harrison, Gary L. Wordsworths Vagrant Muse: Poetry, Poverty and Power. Detroit: Wayne State Univ. Press, 1994, pp 28. Print.
Lug, Sieglinde. Poetic Techniques and Conceptual Elements in Ibn Zaydūns Love Poetry. Washington, D.C: University Press of America, 1982, pp 7-10. Print.
MacKay, Claude, and William J. Maxwell. Complete Poems. Urbana, Ill. [u.a.: Univ. of Illinois Press, 2004, pp 321-322. Print.
Minkova, Donka. Alliteration and Sound Change in Early English. Cambridge [etc.: Cambridge University Press, 2003, pp 22. Print.
Strachan, John R, and Richard G. Terry. Poetry. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2000, pp 8-24. Print.

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