Homer and Herodotus Essay Comparison

Herodotus and Homer were impartial in their narratives. Although the two of them were Greeks, they were not prejudiced against their opponents such as the Persians and Trojans. For instance, Herodotus treated the Greeks and Persians without partiality or hatred. Similarly, in his writings, Homer portrayed the Greeks and Trojans equally (Lendering).
Herodotus and Homer were history writers. They wrote about the major accounts of the past. In their writings, most of the content revolved around Greek heroes. Their major theme is war. They wrote about their people including rulers who had participated in major wars. For example, Herodotus wrote about the troops who had participated in the Xerxes expedition to Greece. On the other hand, Homer wrote about the Battle of Thermopylae (Lendering).

The major difference between Homer and Herodotus is their style of writing. Herodotus used continuous prose whereas Homer used a meter. While constructing his narratives, Herodotus ignored compromises. Unlike Homer who manipulated his writings to fit certain stylistic rubric or sound, Herodotus used the natural and common tongue and ignored the common writing styles (Lendering).

The second difference between Homer and Herodotus is their basis of writing. Herodotus based his writings entirely on research. He gathered most of his information by traveling widely. He travelled to several cities so that he could get the information he wanted. On the other hand, Homer depended on his inspiration to compose his work. Unlike his predecessor, Homer did not rely on research (Lendering).

The third difference between Homer and Herodotus is on the historical period of the events they covered. Herodotus focused on events that were verifiable while Homer concentrated on legendary events. Herodotus wrote about recent events that most people could remember. Homer, however, wrote about events in legendary tales that were hard to verify (Lendering).


Work Cited
Lendering, Jona. “Herodotus of Halicarnassus.” Livius.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Sept. 2014. .

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