Memorial Address Martin Heidegger who was a German philosopher was widely seen as an influential and pivotal thinker in his time. His work had great influence in the fields of philosophy, literature, political theory, art, architecture, environmentalism and psychotherapy. The piece of literature “Discourse of Thinking” written by Martin Heidegger is one of his works that has been translated to English by John M. Anderson and E. Hans Freund. This work written by Heidegger was previously published in 1959 under the title of “Gelassenheit”. Like most of Heidegger’s works even “Discourse of Thinking” is a paper that does not beat around the bush and gets straight to the point.
The translated version of “Gelassenheit” was published in English by Anderson and Freund. The paper compromised of two parts, which were the introduction and detailed version of the discourse of thinking. The book begins with a memorandum message in honor of an amazing composer named Conradin Kreutzer. He was a German composer who composed memorable pieces of choruses, plays, operas, and church songs. Anderson explains that the memorial celebration is not merely a memorial ceremony but an event in which it is proved that we “think.” The core purpose of the memorial is not playing and singing songs by the composer, but also thinking about him. Thinking about the memories he gave us is also part of the memorial. The memorial address also points out that even the people who think professionally are easily thoughtless at times and do not think. Thought and thinking are temporary to humans. The writer describes man today runs from thinking. The irony is that even though the man himself escapes from thinking they never admit that they are neglecting thinking. Man always defends his decision of not thinking and defends his point by saying that there was no time to think.
Anderson in his memorial address states that calculations also give evidence of a thinking process. He talks about different types of thinking processes. He states that there are meditative and calculative thinking. If people compute thinking processes there is a possibility of new economic outcomes. Calculative thinking gives new prospects regularly. A meditative thinker has in mind that thinking has no outcome and positive result. Meditative thinking is unworthy and gives no profit. Meditative thinking is far from reality. Anderson explains that meditative thinking does not automatically come into being but requires a lot of effort.
The writer relates a thinking process to the loss of an individual’s homeland. Many Germans had to flee their homes and cities. These people went to bigger cities and got caught up in their issues. These people are forced to think about their lost homelands. We are forced to think that man has lost their rootedness and autochthony. The people who were forced to flee have lost their roots and values. We are also forced to think that the current is a nuclear age and the atomic bomb does all the talking. The atomic was created for peaceful purposes but now it is used for wrong reasons. This has occurred because we do not ponder and think.
People think calculatedly they can use atomic energy successfully. Energy can be used in film, television, air transportation, and medical fields. Thinking processes will lead to developments in the technological fields daily. A man should understand the fact that he has developed technology and his thought processes can lead to new developments. A man should understand that he is unprepared for the rapid technological developments and a thought process is required to counter these issues. The writes ask is man helpless against technology, and answers that he would be helpless if they abandon the idea of pit meditative thinking compared to calculative thinking. In this atomic age, we are on the horizon of a new autochthony. We need to ponder about this autochthony deeply. The solution is closer to us than we think it is. The solution may be hard and long but it is the best for humans. Meditative thinking which gives no profits is the best solution. Meditative thinking promotes broad-mindedness. It urges us to think about all aspects of an issue. It also promotes the fact that a first impression is not the last impression. We can give a shot to meditative thinking the writer suggests. Technology is no work of evil it has been created by man and we depend on it. Our relation to technology can become simple if we think about its outcomes. Having a broad aspect of things will grant us the possibility of living in the world in a better way. Meditative thinking could embark on new grounds of creativity.