The raging debate on quality healthcare has taken diverse dimensions and patient falls safety is one such aspect. The case of inpatient has attracted much discussion from different scholars on how to prevent further medical costs and deaths from patients falling off the bed. Critical analysis of past literature indicates the information gap on the cause-effect relationship on this subject and appropriate sustainable remedial measures. In this regard, an article An analysis of patient falls and fall prevention programs across academic medical centers by Williams, Szekendi, & Thomas, it can be noted that major remedial measures need to be put in place to deal with the problem. The patients are always at the highest risk of getting injury for each case of a fall and in extreme cases, fatality may result. According to Williams, Szekendi, & Thomas (2014), the severity of injuries sustained from patient falls is subject to various factors that range from recovery status to age. It is worth to note from this article that the type of medication prescribed is also a critical factor when it comes to patient falls and degree of injury. In most cases, Diuretics and anticoagulants stand out as the common medications commonly associated with patient falls that also result in major patient injury or fatalities. Williams, Szekendi, & Thomas (2014) therefore note that such highlighted factors like the condition of the patient with particular focus on those in Special care need areas are exposed to the highest percentage of falls culminating in major injuries and deaths.
Prevention measures are explained as achievable from increased communication and mandatory training of medical training. Owing to the multifactorial causes of patient falls which constitutes environmental and patient-specific, communication and awareness creation among patients and the healthcare personnel is cardinal. According to Tzeng, Yin, Anderson, & Prakash (2012), the height and positioning of the bed is a factor that has all along been overlooked. In this article, there is much that healthcare administration. This places much emphasis on nurses’ carefulness as far as heights of the beds after medication is concerned. In this article Nursing staff awareness of keeping beds in the lowest position to prevent falls and fall injuries in an adult acute surgical inpatient care setting, the overall concept is evidence-based nursing in mitigating the causes of patient falls. Critical analysis of the above literature explores the existing information gap that surrounds Patient falls safety
Tzeng, H., Yin, C., Anderson, A., & Prakash, A. (2012). Nursing staff’s awareness of keeping beds in the lowest position to prevent falls and fall injuries in an adult acute surgical inpatient care setting. Medsurg Nursing: Official Journal Of The Academy Of Medical-Surgical Nurses, 21(5), 271-274.
Williams, T., Szekendi, M., & Thomas, S. (2014). An analysis of patient falls and fall prevention programs across academic medical centers. Journal Of Nursing Care Quality, 29(1), 19-29. doi:10.1097/NCQ.0b013e3182a0cd19