Reading Comprehension Questions and Answers

Exploring Your Topic: Finding Background Information. In order to conduct research, you’ll need to build vocabulary and get some background information about your topic. Write (or type) your answers to the following questions below.

What is your topic?

Modern Architecture

1. Use a search engine, such as Bing or Google, to consult at least two websites. You may consult any website you like, including Wikipedia. Answer the following questions:
Which websites did you consult?
What are people talking about in regards to your topic?
What did you learn about your topic?
Did you discover vocabulary words that are important for your topic? If so, list the top 3 terms.

Type your answer here:
Wikipedia, PSFK-Inspiring Creative Business, Bloomberg Business weak
Modern Architecture is entirely different from the ancient architecture in a way that excessive decoration is replaced to sophisticated designs. Previously buildings and houses were built without machinery or computer technology but today architectural designs are constructed with minimum human workforce. Few examples include Sydney Opera House, Falling Water, Casa Mila etc. Despite of the modern designs the raw material used in construction still have some relation to ancient civilizations. For instance, ancient Roman Concrete is now used in the most advanced architectural designs.
Architecture is an interesting subject since it has a very deep history and relation to the oldest civilizations. People in the past were basically recognized by their arts and crafts and even today the advanced nations have the most exciting structures.
Vocabulary Words: Roman Concrete, Aqueducts, Organic Designs.

2. The library has great databases for exploring a topic at the start of a research project. Visit Opposing Viewpoints Resources Center and CQ Researcher to discover more vocabulary and background information for your topic (see access instructions below). Answer the following questions:

Do Opposing Viewpoints have any information related to your topic? If no, simply state this in one sentence. If yes, answer the following questions:
What is the title of the article you read?
What did you learn about your topic?
Type your answer here:
Since Modern Architecture is a general topic that revolves around the basic information about structures and designs, therefore, there wasn’t anything in Opposing Viewpoints.
Does CQ Researcher have any information related to your topic? If no, simply state this in one sentence. If yes, answer the following questions:
What is the title of the article you read?
What did you learn about your topic?
Type your answer here:
Title: International Monetary Fund
The article was about the investments made by the IMF in developing the architecture industry on a national and international level. IMF makes investments in this area primarily to achieve higher living standards.
What is the most interesting thing you’ve discovered about your topic so far?
Type your answer here:
The most interesting thing that I have discovered about the topic is that in ancient times architectural designs were made using huge lands that were significantly spacious. In contract to this now architects focus on making compact buildings utilizing comparatively very small space. This has actually enhanced the designing skills of architects who now build remarkable buildings with latest technology and designs.
Important: Bring printouts or photocopies of these sources to class to share with your group.

Source #1
Title of article or chapter:
Utopia and Modern Architecture
____________________________________________________________________________
Title of journal or book:
Architectural Research Quarterly
______________________________________________________________________________
Author(s) of chapter or article:
Nathaniel Coleman
_______________________________________________________________________
Volume and issue number of journal:
Volume 16, Issue 4
________________________________________________________________
Page numbers:
339-348
______________________________________________________________________________________
If found online, what is the complete URL for this item:
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1359135513000225
_______________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________________________
Source #2
Title of article or chapter:
Expressionism and Futurism
____________________________________________________________________________
Title of journal or book:
Book: Modern Architecture
______________________________________________________________________________
Author(s) of chapter or article:
Alan Colquhoun
_______________________________________________________________________
Volume and issue number of journal: ________________________________________________________________
Page numbers: ______________________________________________________________________________________
If found online, what is the complete URL for this item:
http://books.google.com.pk/books?id=F3wVwp3C-3YC&pg=PA87&dq=what+is+modern+architecture&source=gbs_toc_r&cad=4#v=onepage&q=what%20is%20modern%20architecture&f=false
_______________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________________________
Source #3
Title of article or chapter:
North versus South
____________________________________________________________________________
Title of journal or book:
Book: Modern Architecture and the Mediterranean: Vernacular Dialogue and Contested Identities
______________________________________________________________________________
Author(s) of chapter or article:
Jean-Francois Lejeune and Michelangelo Sabatino
_______________________________________________________________________
Volume and issue number of journal:
________________________________________________________________
Page numbers: ______________________________________________________________________________________
If found online, what is the complete URL for this item:
http://books.google.com.pk/books?id=TEaUz1CpDUUC&pg=PA1&dq=what+is+modern+architecture&source=gbs_toc_r&cad=4#v=onepage&q=what%20is%20modern%20architecture&f=false
_______________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________________________
TURN OVER

Discussion Questions

Review the three sources you found on your topic. Consider the questions below before class.
Do these sources share a common approach or theme in how they discuss the topic?
All three sources have entirely different approaches to modern architecture. For instance, the first source talks about the relationship between modern architecture and utopia i.e. the structural demands of the elite class. The second source discusses the expressionist architecture which is prominently different from rational designs and therefore it plays a vital role in enhancing the artistic sense of architects. The last source claims that modern architecture is basically the return of Latin architectural designs.
Do they represent a common point of view? Whose point of view?
Despite presenting different approaches towards modern architecture all three sources have the same point of view. Modern designs are the reflection of ancient times with increased sophistication so as to meet the requirements of the upper class.
What possible research question comes out of these sources?
The possible research question that comes out of these sources is the following:
Which of the ancient civilizations have the most prominent impact on modern architecture in terms of class and design?

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