Symbolism is one of the stylistic devices that Orwell employs in his book ‘’1984.. Symbolism is the use of an image, characters, figures, colors and objects to represent concepts and abstract ideas in a literary work.
In ‘’1984’’ Orwell uses the following symbols just but to name a few: big brother, the Glass paperweight and St. Clement church, the telescreens, The Red-armed prole Woman. I will use the glass paperweight for my explanation. The party can deliberately weaken people’s memories besides flooding their minds through the propaganda it spreads. These makes it difficult for people to question the parties power of what they purport of the past times. The party is arising in the past just to protect them from oppressive capitalists, bloated and the harshness and ugliness of the world before the coming of the party. This was the propaganda that the party spread to them about itself.
Winston is seen to understand this principle that the party brings forth vaguely. He struggles to refresh his own memories in relation to formulating the larger picture of what has happened in the world to date. He, therefore, buys a paperweight glass from an antique store. This symbolizes his attempt in reconnecting to the past. Symbolically, the paperweight is seen to shutter on the flow when the police arrest him.
Moreover, the paperweight together with the journal purchased by Winston symbols of Betrayal against the party. In his possession of such items, he is seen to commit a serious crimes-thought crime. The party, demands absolute loyalty and has to go through several measures from the birth of a child to ensure that the only loyalty that exists is to the big brothers. Therefore in Winston possessing such items shows his betrayal and disloyalty to the big brothers and the party.
Finally, the St. Clément’s church old picture which lies in the room that he rent symbolizes a lost past. Winston makes an association of the picture with a song that ends with the words ‘’here comes a chopper to chop of your head!’’ This appears to be an important foreshadowing since the telescreen hidden behind the picture is the one that leads the thought police to Winston. This is a symbolism of corruption that led to the party’s past control.
Orwell, G. (n.d.). NINETEEN EIGHTY FOUR.